How to get more out of your pastures and improve water quality

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Improving your pasture management skills will grow more forage that will have higher quality that will better feed your livestock and make you more money. A better pasture should just keep getting better year after year including; improving the environment; improving the soil, water, air, plants, and animals; and reduce your energy requirements. Healthy soils can grow healthy plants that can allow animals to grow quicker, stronger and healthier, which will reduce the cost of production.There are ways to improve the water quality in the runoff from your grazing system and improve the soil fertility in your pasture that will improve the pasture plant composition and help improve the health of your pastures. Good managers know how to measure the things that they can change that will have a positive impact on their production system. You cannot manage things that you do not measure. How many things have you be monitoring, measuring in your pastures? This can include things like weekly growth rate, production, plant composition, carrying capacity, stocking rate, and soil fertility.In addition, water quality has been a hot topic in Ohio agriculture. The 4Rs of soil fertility and the effect on water quality should be familiar to all of us. The Right Source, Right Rate, Right Time, and Right Placement of fertilizer are not just a crop land issues. We should be looking at the same principles on our pasture and hay fields as well. It is also more than just fertilizer.Where is the manure from your grazing animals this winter? We have control over the distribution of fertilizer and manure when we spread it with a fertilizer spreader or manure spreader. But when the animal is doing the spreading, do we control were those nutrients getting distributed by the grazing animal? We should and can if we are managing the grazing system. Farmers can effectively manage soil fertility by understanding the functions of the plants and the animals living in and on the soil. Good grazing management helps distribute the nutrients by locating the water, mineral, and shade in different places so to discourage nutrient concentration. The shorter the grazing duration, the better the manure distribution. Controlling the access of environmentally sensitive areas with managed grazing addresses the Rs of Right Time and Right Placement.Fertile soils grow more grass and better livestock feed than soils with low or unbalanced soil fertility. Just because the grass is growing does not mean that it is providing high quality and balanced nutrition to the grazing animal. Grassland farming like crop farming without consideration of the soil is a fallacy. All plants interact with the soil. Do you have a current soil fertility test? Do you know your soil type from the soil survey?Supplementing the soil fertility according to a current soil test with commercial fertilizer, compost or additional manure can increase both plant and animal production and is the Right Source.When forages are harvested and removed from the field to be fed in another location, nutrients are also relocated. One ton of dry forage contains the same amount of phosphorus as 35 bushels of shelled corn or 16 bushel of soybeans. Harvesting forages is an excellent way to lower very high levels of soil phosphorus from fields that are sensitive to runoff.Applying the plant nutrients as close to when the plant needs them has the least amount of risk of loss to the environment. Forages’ largest nutrient need is in the late summer and early fall when they are growing new roots and storing energy for the winter and following spring green up. Spring applications are not as effective at growing root mass, but do encourage stem elongation and seed production. If the soil test levels are low, applying small amounts of nutrients several times during the growing season is a good way to increase forage production and animal performance, build a sustainable production system and serve as the Right Rate.Calcium and phosphorus are typically the two nutrients that are limiting in Ohio pasture fields. Lime the primary source of calcium is necessary for raising the soil pH. It can also help prevent weeds, improve the absorption of other nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen, benefit soil microbiology life, helps legumes fix nitrogen, encourages deeper and more root development that helps drought proof a pasture and improves the palatability of the forage.last_img read more

LOOK: Kyrie Irving is cover athlete of NBA 2K18

first_img“It is well known that I’m an avid player of this series and I am honored to be the cover athlete of NBA 2K18,” he was quoted as saying in the report.  “It’s surreal to be featured on the cover and I can’t wait to dominate on the virtual court with all of my fans this fall.”NBA 2K18 is set to to invade video game stores on Sept. 19.  Khristian Ibarrola /raRELATED STORY:Curry, Durant power Warriors past Cavs in Game 1Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Palace: Duterte to hear out security execs on alleged China control of NGCP BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast Durant makes his mark in Game 1 of NBA Finals for Warriors BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Cayetano dares Lacson, Drilon to take lie-detector test: Wala akong kinita sa SEA Games Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR LATEST STORIEScenter_img Alfie Brody, vice president of marketing for NBA 2K, shared why “Uncle Drew” was bestowed the honor to grace this year’s cover.“It’s obvious that Kyrie isn’t disappearing from the spotlight anytime soon, so we’re thrilled to have him as our cover athlete, alongside Shaq for the NBA 2K18 Legend Edition,” he said in a statement, as relayed by Fox Sports.“He’s a more-than-worthy recipient of this honor, and joins so many other greats who were cover athletes before him.”Irving has remained a fan-favorite since arriving in the league in the 2011-2012 NBA season. He won the Rookie of the Year Award the same year, was named All-Star MVP in 2014 and was a vital piece to the Cavs’ NBA Championship run last year.Currently the ball-handling savant out of Duke is focused on winning another title for Cleveland, but also expressed his gratitude upon being chosen for the cover.ADVERTISEMENT Every 18 seconds someone is diagnosed with HIV MOST READ Just in time for the NBA Finals, Cleveland Cavaliers superstar point guard Kyrie Irving was named as the cover athlete for the the hit hoops simulation game. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. BSP survey: PH banks see bright horizon amid dark global recession clouds After revealing that NBA Hall of Famer and current Turner Sports analyst Shaquille O’Neal will represent the NBA 2K18 Legend edition, the famed basketball video game franchise unveiled its latest poster boy.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutWATCH: Shaq, Kobe reunite in hilarious video for NBA 2K18ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

Dhoni & Co ready for Review System

first_imgWith the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) refusing to use the Umpire Decision Review System (UDRS) so far, one would have thought that the UDRS would catch India by surprise when it makes its World Cup debut this time around.But India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni made it clear on Wednesday that the Indian team was prepared to handle the system.”We are ready for the UDRS. We have done background checks and won’t be caught unawares. Some captains have supported the UDRS and like it, but it would be interesting to see their reactions when the decisions go against them,” Dhoni said at a promotional event here.Dhoni said his team wouldn’t be bogged down by the expectations of the Indian fans and would like to give it their best shot.”We don’t call it the pressure of expectation anymore. We call it added responsibility. Whenever we play a match, the expectation factor is there. We knew that this time the World Cup would be played in India, so we were mentally prepared. We have players who have played for eight to 12 years so I am sure that they will be able to handle the pressure,” he said.”We believe in each other’s abilities and have a great team spirit. We are intent on performing well and if we can play to our potential, we will do well. We want to win the World Cup although I am not keen on predicting if we will. As of now, we are looking to take the opening game against Bangladesh seriously.”advertisementCommenting on the clich that every Indian player wants to win the Cup for master blaster Sachin Tendulkar, Dhoni said: “We all love Sachin and practically this will be his last World Cup – although we would love him to play one or two more – so we want to give him the biggest gift.”Even though England star Kevin Pietersen slammed the scheduling of the showpiece event, Dhoni feels it will help his players. “I like the format and I feel that the scheduling is perfect for us. I think the gap in between matches work in our favour as some of our players are carrying niggles. So the time in between matches will help them recover,” he said.While the form of Yuvraj Singh, Suresh Raina and Dhoni has been a cause for concern, the skipper feels it is just a matter of time before the trio gets going. “Form is just a matter of time. One good innings can brings us back into form. So I am not overly worried,” he said.India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni in New Delhi on Wednesday. Photo by Kaushik RoyAlthough India have a problem of plenty in selecting the batting order, Dhoni feels it is a blessing in disguise rather than a headache. “Having more in-form players during a crucial tournament like the World Cup can never be a headache. On the contrary, I feel it will stand us in good stead. If we have more players in form, we can pick a suitable playing XI,” he said.Commenting on the lack of express fast bowlers in the team, Dhoni said: “We haven’t got express bowlers in the team, but we have guys who can bowl at a decent pace and know the conditions really well. Our bowling also has a lot of variation.”With Eden Gardens missing out on the match between India and England, Dhoni is disappointed. “Eden is a special ground. It is a joy to play in front of so many people. But there is nothing we can do about the cancellation. Hopefully the remaining three matches will take place,” he said.Commenting on the camp that will take place in Bangalore, Dhoni said: “It will be a short camp and we will look to utilise it in the best possible manner. We will start either on February 8 or 9.”Chawla’s defenceLeg-spinner Piyush Chawla defended his selection saying that he had done enough to get a call-up for the World Cup. “There is always pressure when you play for India. And when there is pressure there is performance. I have nothing to prove as I have proved myself a number of times and I will do it again in the World Cup – if given an opportunity,” he said.last_img read more

Ross Taylor scores a ton while Pragyan ojha creates history

first_imgNew Zealand captain Ross Taylor is not unfamiliar with the M Chinnaswamy Stadium as it was his home when he represented Royal Challengers Bangalore in the IPL.So when his team was in dire straits on Friday, having lost two wickets for just 63 runs, he scored a century on a pitch he’s familiar with and rescued his team from embarrassment.Taylor scored his seventh century (177 minutes, 127 balls, 16x4s, 2x6s)- a superb 113 with his back against the wall- and helped his team finish the first day of the second and final Test on a highly satisfying 328 for six wickets before poor visibility cut short play.But by that time, New Zealand, trailing 0-1 in the series, were comfortably placed, thanks to half-centuries from Kruger van Wyk (63 batting, 85 balls, 9x4s) and opener Martin Guptill (53, 79 balls, 8x4s).The other unbeaten batsman is Doug Bracewell (30, 61 balls, 3x4s). Bracewell and van Wyk have so far added 82 for the seventh wicket, keeping New Zealand afloat.It was a day to remember for left-armer Pragyan Ojha, for not just taking a four-wicket haul but also for becoming the first specialist Indian spinner to open the bowling in a Test match.Captain MS Dhoni must have surely surprised opener Guptill, who faced the first ball, and many others by bringing Ojha on instead of pace spearhead Zaheer Khan. The last Indian spinner to bowl the first ball of a Test was late ML Jaisimha, a part-timer, in 1969.Zaheer, who went wicketless in the 24 overs he bowled in the first Test, shared the new balls with Ojha and struck with the fifth delivery as he had Brendon McCullum trapped leg before the wicket(LBW) when the Kiwis hadn’t even opened their account. It was first of the four LBW decisions of the day.advertisementThe rain, which was forecast, kept away for almost the entire day, though dark clouds remained for most of the playing time. And immediately after the play ended prematurely.Guptill and Kane Williamson (17) added 63 for the second wicket to infuse life after the sensational start in front of an almost empty stadium. At this score, Ojha, who captured six wickets in Hyderabad, had Williamson LBW.Guptill, who survived two chances, did not last long as he became Ojha’s second victim, caught by Gambhir at midwicket.Then came New Zealand’s partnership of the day, which made the Indian bowlers look highly ineffective. Despite being 89 for three wickets- all lost before the lunch interval- Taylor and Flynn scored 107 for the fourth wicket at a brisk rate in almost 19 overs.Taylor’s was almost blemishfree knock- his third century against India. Playing his 40th Test, he was particularly aggressive against Ojha and off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin.His flamboyance was best exhibited when he hammered four boundaries in an Ojha over on his way to 17th Test half-century off 46 balls, and his century off just 99 balls. He reached his hundred with a cut to the point fence off Ojha and then lofted him for his second six.It took Ashwin to break the Taylor-Flynn association with another LBW decision, as Flynn attempted a sweep shot.Soon after that, Suresh Raina at midwicket took a stunning catch off Ojha to signal the end of James Franklin (215/ 5) and the left-arm spinner also dismissed Taylor while he attempted a sweep shot.At 5.15 pm, it started pouring at the stadium. But the pitch and the bowlers’ run-up path as well as the areas on either side of the pitch were well covered.Number Crunching, Day One7- Number of centuries scored by Ross Taylor in 41 Tests. His ton on Friday was his 3rd against India in 8 matches. His score is also the highest individual score by any New Zealand batsman at this venue. Taylor improved on the record of John Wright who scored 58 in 1988-89 series.2- After Glen Turner’s 113 in Kanpur in 1976-77, Ross Taylor became only the second Kiwi captain to score a hundred on Indian soil.12- Number of half-centuries scored by Martin Guptil (53) in 26 Tests. It was his 2nd fifty against India in 7 Tests.11- Brenden McCullum failed to open his account. It was his 11th duck in 68 Tests- the 1st against India in 8 matches.4/90- The best bowling figures of Pragyan Ojha against New Zealand. His previous best was four for 107 in Ahmedabad in 2010-11 series328/6- The highest innings total of New Zealand at this venue. Their previous best was 233 in the 1995-96 series.63*- The highest score of Kruger van Wyk in his 7th match. His previous best was 39 against South Africa in Wellington in 2011-12 series.advertisementlast_img read more